Built Environment Factors

During the creation of Shaping The Healthy Community: The Nashville Plan, a review of national and international literature raised the following aspects of the built environment as primary factors impacting health. A reference list of the studies we identified is available upon request, and information on other studies of relevance are welcome.

 

1. TRANSPORTATION

4. FOOD RESOURCES

2. OPEN SPACE AND PARKS

5. WALKABILITY AND PEDESTRIAN SAFETY

3. HOUSING

6. NEIGHBORHOOD DESIGN/DEVELOPMENT

 

FACTOR 1. TRANSPORTATION.

Transportation factors that impact health:

  • Dependence on automobile (limits those unable to drive)
  • Traffic congestion, hazards
  • Commute time/distance (Vehicle Miles Traveled)
  • Mixed and active transportation options (bus, subway, train, car, bike, walk)
  • Proximity of public transit to residences, workplaces, goods, services
  • Bike-ability: bike lanes, bike lane connectivity, cycle tracks, overpasses/underpasses/tunnels, lower speed limits, trails, bike racks
  • Transit oriented development (clustering of development around existing/planned transit services)
  • Affordable public transit
  • Frequency, availability, reliability, comfort of public transport
  • Road design—traffic calming, streetscape improvements (limit collisions)
  • Available parking, parking regulations (limit/facilitate automobile use)

FACTOR 2. OPEN SPACE AND PARKS.

Open space or park factors that impact health:

  • Types of parks and open space (provide for different populations, needs)
  • Amenities available (lights, sports fields, etc)
  • Proximity of parks and open space to homes (accessibility for children, elderly, people with disabilities)
  • Aesthetics/attractiveness of parks
  • Safety and perceived safety
  • Maintenance
  • Presence and characteristics of trails
  • Recreation facilities (near homes)

FACTOR 3. HOUSING.

Housing factors that impact health:

  • Proximity to highways (air quality)
  • Housing affordability (unaffordable housing can lead to living in substandard housing, limit
  • money spent on other goods/services)
  • Gentrification (potential housing displacement)
  • Housing quality (building materials, ventilation, filtration)
  • Residential density and diversity

FACTOR 4. FOOD RESOURCES.

Food resource factors that impact health:

  • Grocery store development (location and access)
  • Design of grocery stores (pedestrian oriented vs. car oriented)
  • Farmers’ markets
  • Community gardens
  • Presence of fast food and alcohol outlets
  • Local food producers and distributors

FACTOR 5. WALKABILITY AND PEDESTRIAN SAFETY.

Walk-ability factors that impact health:

  • Residential density, population density
  • Walking infrastructure (sidewalk design, crosswalks, trails, labeling/maintenance of paths, etc.)
  • Aesthetics (presence of greenery, trees, attractive landscapes, litter, graffiti, etc.)
  • Traffic safety (avoid traffic collisions)
  • Street connectivity (route directness)
  • Land use mix
  • Perceived access to stores, areas of interest
  • Pedestrian-oriented retail development
  • Employment density/workplace proximity
  • Safe commute for children to schools

Group 6. Neighborhood Design/Development.

Neighborhood design/ development factors that impact health:

  • Neighborhood centers (retail, service or transit based)
  • Diversity of destinations
  • Residential and employment density
  • Denser, more vibrant commercial districts
  • Aesthetics (appealing to experience)
  • Perceived access to stores
  • Mixed use zoning (create mixed use communities)
  • Commute/transit times
  • Housing and essential goods located within walking distance
  • Sprawling development
  • Distance between schools and built environment
  • Neighborhood safety (transforming vacant lots, run-down yards and developments)
  • Presence of trees (mitigate urban heat island effect, reduce airborne pollutants, capture storm runoff in root systems, positively affect emotional health, enhance job satisfaction, and increase quality of life)
  • Total area of impervious surfaces (stormwater runoff and water contamination)
  • Degree of connection between impervious surfaces and storm drainage system (less runoff from surfaces that drain directly to vegetated areas)

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Fairgrounds Public Meetings Report

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Franklin Pike Multi-modal Path

Franklin Pike Multi-modal Path

Oak Hill is a satellite city of Nashville, TN located less then 4 miles south of downtown Nashville along Interstate 65 between Nashville and Franklin. The main spine of Oak Hill is Franklin Pike which connects it to Brentwood and Berry Hill. The location is conveniently accessible allowing for several commuting options along I-65, Franklin Pike, etc. Oak Hill is also the gateway to Radnor Wildlife Refuge area, a major asset to the entire region attracting over 1.45 million visitors in 2017.Oak Hill Mayor, Heidi Campbell, approached the Nashville Civic Design Center with the idea of creating a multi-modal path along Franklin Pike to better connect Oak Hill with the Walk N Bike Master Plan, the future and existing greenway network by taking advantage of the right-of-way along Franklin Pike.Oak Hill is a satellite city of Nashville, TN located less then 4 miles south of downtown Nashville along Interstate 65 between Nashville and Franklin. The main spine of Oak Hill is Franklin Pike which connects it to Brentwood and Berry Hill.

The location is conveniently accessible allowing for several commuting options along I-65, Franklin Pike, etc. Oak Hill is also the gateway to Radnor Wildlife Refuge area, a major asset to the entire region attracting over 1.45 million visitors in 2017.

Oak Hill Mayor, Heidi Campbell, approached the Nashville Civic Design Center with the idea of creating a multi-modal path along Franklin Pike to better connect Oak Hill with the Walk N Bike Master Plan, the future and existing greenway network by taking advantage of the right-of-way along Franklin Pike. This connection could bridge the gap between Oak Hill residents, Radnor Lake State Park, Oak Hill is a satellite city of Nashville, TN located less then 4 miles south of downtown Nashville along Interstate 65 between Nashville and Franklin. The main spine of Oak Hill is Franklin Pike which connects it to Brentwood and Berry Hill. The location is conveniently accessible allowing for several commuting options along I-65, Franklin Pike, etc. Oak Hill is also the gateway to Radnor Wildlife Refuge area, a major asset to the entire region attracting over 1.45 million visitors in 2017.Oak Hill Mayor, Heidi Campbell, approached the Nashville Civic Design Center with the idea of creating a multi-modal path along Franklin Pike to better connect Oak Hill with the Walk N Bike Master Plan, the future and existing greenway network by taking advantage of the right-of-way along Franklin Pike.

Connecting The Dots

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In Nashville Civic Design Center's "The Nashville Plan: Shaping the Healthy Community" seven transects are identified that make up Davidson County. Each of these zones have their strengths and challenges as they strive to form a healthy, safe community. This publication of the Nashville Civic Design Center (NCDC) is aimed to make us rethink how public spaces in Davidson County can be reactivated across various scales. The report looks at five individual sites within their respective “transect zone." They are: Natural and Rural, Suburban, Center, Urban, and Downtown.

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